The role of the judge is to keep the order or to maintain equality. A judge is to be impartial, fair and unbiased and has to follow the laws of the state and the constitution of whatever state they are in. They listen to all, sees and examine all the pieces of evidence presented without passing judgment until all are heard and aims to be fair.
In cases with a jury, the judge is responsible for ensuring that the law is followed and the jury determines the facts. In cases without a jury, the judge also is the finder of fact.
What does a Judge Do?
Before finding out how much a Judge earns, let us first look through the work they have to do and find out what makes this profession so significant and why.
- To begin with, a judge has to research legal issues.
- Then read and evaluate information from documents such as claims, applications, or records.
(This is for his/her personal growth and improvement).
- Preside over hearings and listens to or read all the arguments presented by the parties involved.
- Determine if the information presented supports the charge, claim, or dispute.
- Makes sure that the procedure is being conducted as per the rules and law.
- Analyze, research, and apply laws, regulations, or precedents to reach judgments, conclusions, or agreements.
- Write opinions, decisions, or instructions regarding the case, claim, or dispute.
- Tries to be fair and give a verdict by eliminating bias or prejudice.
Salary of HC Judges
Salary of High Court Judge
|Salary (Per Month)||Rs 90,000/-||Rs 2,25,000/-|
|Pension (Per Annum)||Rs 80,000/-||Rs 2,25,000/-|
|Sumptuary Allowance(Per Month)||Rs 300/-||Rs 500/-|
(However, no pension is provided unless:
a) The judge has completed a minimum of 12 years of service for pension.
b) The judge has attained the age of 62 years or
c) His health is medically certified as a reason for retirement.)
Other Allowances and Benefits
- Family pensions and gratuities: This implies that any judge who when being in service or after the commencement dies, whether before or after retirement fifty percent of his total salary by the date of his death should be paid to the person or persons entitled to it. This amount shall be paid from the date of death of the Judge for a period of seven years or for a period up to the date on which the Judge would have attained the age of sixty-five years, if he was alive, whichever of both is earlier. (And after that at the rate of thirty percent of his salary which is a minimum of twelve hundred and seventy-five rupees per month.)
- The Facility of Rent-Free Houses: implies that every judge should be given one rent-free use of an official residence, if in case a judge does not avail himself of the use of this official residence, he will be paid 10,000 rupees monthly allowance.
- Conveyance Facilities: implies that all Judges should be entitled to a staff car and one hundred
and fifty litres of petrol every month or the actual consumption of petrol per month, whichever of both is less.
- Exemption From Liability to Pay Income-Tax: means that the value of the rent-free official residence, or the allowance paid to him, the value of the conveyance facilities, the sumptuary allowance provided to a Judge etc shall not be included in the computation of his income chargeable in the name of salary.
- Facilities for medical treatment and other conditions of service: ensures that every Judge and the
members of his family are entitled to facilities for medical treatment and for accommodation
in hospitals from time to time.
- Medical facilities for retired Judges: implies that every retired Judge has the right to be entitled, for himself and his family, to the same facilities and medical treatments as a retired officer of the Central Civil Services.